Palms & Cycads

 in Kinshasa and Kisantu

D. R. Congo

by Luc Pauwels

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The species new for the region and introduced recently in the Botanical Garden of Kinshasa are marked with an asterisk : *

If there are any doubts about the identification of these plants, please, send a message to : l_pauwels@telenet.be


ARECACEAE

A

Acoelorraphe wrightii (Griseb. & H.Wendl.) H.Wendl. ex Becc. - photo1, photo 2 - Everglades palm -­ JBKisantu

                syn. Paurotis wrightii ( Griseb. & H.Wendl.) Britton

Acrocomia aculeata (Jacq.) Lodd. ex Mart. * - photo 1, photo 2, photo 3, photo 4, photo 5

Adonidia merrillii Becc. - Christmas palm

                syn. Veitchia merrillii (Becc.) H.E.Moore

Aiphanes aculeata Willd. - tree, flowers + fruits

syn. Martinezia caryotifolia Kunth

Areca catechu L. - flowers, fruits - betel nut palm

Arenga pinnata (Wurmb) Merr. - stem covered with black fibers, infrutescences - sugar palm

Arenga hookeriana (Becc.) Whitmore - photo 1, photo 2 - in private nursery

Arenga undulatifolia Becc. -  photo 1, photo 2 - JB Kisantu

Astrocaryum cf. mexicanum Liebm. ex Mart. - photo 1, photo 2

Attalea cf. cohune  Mart. - in Kisantu garden - photo 1, photo 2, photo 3

B

Bactris gasipaes Kunth * - photo 1, photo 2, stems, fruits - peach palm

Bactris major Jacq. - photo 1, photo 2 - in Kisantu Garden

Bismarckia nobilis Hildebr. & H.Wendl. *

Borassus aethiopum Mart. - tree, male inflorescences, fruits, on the shore of Malebo Pool - rônier; lilebo, malebo

                It is after this palm tree that the Malebo Pool, the  wide area in the Congo river between Brazzaville and Kinshasa, was named.

 C

Calamus deerratus G.Mann & H.Wendl.  -  photo 1, photo 2, photo 3 - rattan

                syn. C. laurentii De Wild.

Caryota mitis Lour. - fruiting tree - clustering fishtail palm

Caryota urens L. - fishtail palm

Chamaedorea metallica O.F.Cook ex H.E.Moore

Chamaerops humilis L.

Chambeyronia macrocarpa (Brongn.) Vieill. ex Becc. * - photo 2, photo 3

Cocos nucifera L. - photo 2

Cyrtostachys renda Blume - photo 2 - photo 3 - lipstick palm

D

Dictyosperma album (Bory) H.Wendl. & Drude ex Scheff. - photo1, photo 2 - hurricane palm, princess palm

Dypsis decaryi (Jim.) Beentje & Dransf. * - photo 2

Dypsis lutescens (H.Wendl.) Beentje & Dransf. - photo 1, photo 2, photo 3 - golden cane palm

syn. Chrysalidocarpus lutescens H.Wendl.

Dypsis madagascariensis Nicholson -  photo1, inflorescence - on 30 Juin boulevard

Elaeis guineensis Jacq. - trees, male inflorescence + infrutescence - oil palm; ba di nsamba

Eremospatha haullevilleana De Wild. - lubaamba

                A natif rattan, growing in secondary forests, is used in house construction and basket-work.

Hyophorbe lagenicaulis (L.H.Bailey) H.E.Moore *

Hyophorbe verschaffeltii H.Wendl. *

Hyphaene guineensis Schumach. & Thonn. - photo 2, photo 3, photo 4

                Palm growing in savannah between Boma and Moanda. Introduced in Kisantu Garden.

Laccosperma secundiflorum (P.Beauv.) Kuntze - photo 2 - nkau

            syn. Ancistrophyllum secundiflorum (P.Beauv.) G.Mann & H.Wendl.

            A natif rattan, growing on river banks, is used in basket-work. The stick of the chief is made from it.

Latania loddigesii Mart. * - photo 2, photo 3, photo 4 - latanier bleu

Latania lontaroides (Gaertn.) H.E.Moore * - photo 1, photo 2 - latanier rouge

Latania verschaffeltii Lem. * - photo 1, photo 2 - latanier jaune

Licuala grandis H.Wendl. ex Linden - young palm, photo 2, photo 3

Licuala spinosa Wurmb. - photo 2, photo 3

Livistona chinensis (Jacq.) R.Br. ex Mart. - tree, infrutescences - chinese fan palm

Livistona rotundifolia (Lam.) Mart. - photo 1, photo 2, photo 3 - footstool palm

Oncocalamus mannii (H.Wendl.) H.Wendl. - juvenile leaves - photo 1, photo 2

                syn.  O. acanthocnemis Drude

                A natif rattan, growing in swamp forests ;  rare in Kinshasa region

Phoenix dactylifera L. * - photo - dattier

Phoenix reclinata Jacq.  - photo 1, photo 2, photo 3

Phoenix roebelenii O’Brien *

Pinanga coronata (Blume ex Mart.) Blume - plant, leave, fruits 1, fruits 2

                syn. Pinanga kühlii Blume

Podococcus barteri G.Mann & H.Wendl. - origin : Mayumbe

Pritchardia pacifica Seem. & H.Wendl. - photo 1, photo 2, photo 3, photo 4, photo 5

Ptychosperma macarthurii (H.Wendl. ex H.J.Veitch) H.Wendl. ex Hook.f. -  photo1, photo 2

Raphia sese De Wild. - photo 1, photo 2, photo 3

Raphia spp.  - palm 1, palm 2, leaves, palm 3, fruits

Raphia sp - photo 1, photo 2, photo 3, photo 4, photo 5, photo 6

Rhapis excelsa (Thunb.) Henry - photo 1, photo 2, photo 2

Roystonea regia C.F.Cook - royal palm

            syn. Oreodoxa regia Kunth

Sabal mauritiiformis (H.Karst.) Griseb.& H.Wendl. - photo 1, photo 2, photo 3, photo 4, photo 5

            syn. S. glaucescens Lodd. ex H.E.Moore

Salacca zalacca (Gaertn.) Voss - photo 1, photo 2, photo 3

Sclerosperma mannii H.Wendl. - fruits 1, fruits 2, roof cover - magaangu

                This local palm grows in marshy forests. The leaves are used to cover the roofs of houses.

 Syagrus romanzoffiana (Cham.) Becc.- photo 1, photo 2, photo 3

                syn. Arecastrum romanzoffianum (Cham.) Becc. ; syn. Cocos plumosa Hook.f.

Verschaffeltia splendida  H.Wendl. - photo 1, photo 2, photo 3, photo 4, photo 5

Wallichia disticha T. Anderson - photo 1, photo 2

Wodyetia bifurcata A.K.Irvine - photo 1, photo 2  - foxtail palm *


CYCLANTHACEAE

Carludovica palmata Ruiz & Pav. - leaves, flowers - Panama-hat palm

Cyclanthus bipartitus Poit. ex A.Rich.


CYCADACEAE

Cycas circinalis L. - male cone, female cone

Cycas revoluta Thunb. - leaves deployment : stade 1, stade 2, stade 3, stade 4 - male  cone :cone 1, cone 2 - sago palm


ZAMIACEAE

Encephalartos poggei Aschers. - young leaves, female cone

Encephalartos laurentianus De Wild. - tree in Kisantu Garden, male cones, female cone, seeds

Zamia furfuracea L.f. ex Aiton - photo 1, photo 2, cones *


Some unidentified palms in the Kinshasa region

Could somebody help me for the identification

Please send names to Luc Pauwels

L_pauwels@telenet.be

Palm A , photo 1, photo 2, photo 3